The Reichstag is Germany's parlments building and is located in Berlin. The last part of the German word 'tag' is derived from 'tagging' and means meeting. So the Rijksdag is a large meeting room where the parliament meets and make important political decisions.
In 1871, the year that a new German empire was founded, the monarchy wanted to raise a parliament building in the capital. Many architects participated in the contest. The design contains a conventional neoclassic style that integrated a glass and steel dome. The static facade looks very monumental with its sides. However, the first stone of the Rijksdag was only taken in 1884. It took 10 years for the building to be completed in 1894.
After 1918, when the Germans lost the First World War and disintegrated the monarchy, the Reichstag was used as a debate space by the German Republic.
In 1933, the Reichstag completely burned out, the Dutch Communist Marinus van der Lubbe was wrongly accused of fire-raising the building. This way Hitler could increase his power and surpresing his communist opponents. The Reichstag was repaired by the new ruler, but was again seriously damaged by Allied bombings and Russich artillery fire in 1945. When the Russian troops invaded Berlin, they placed their red flag on top of the Reichstag.
After the war, the Reichstag was no longer used as parliament, although it was located in the western part of Berlin. This for the simple reason that the city of Bonn then served as the capital of West Germany. After the fall of the Berlin Wall and the reunification of West and East Germany, Berlin became once again the capital of Germany. So the Bundestag moved back to Berlin and The Reichstag was once again used as a parliament building.
In 1995, the rebuilding of the Rijksdag began under the supervision of Norman Foster, a renowned Architect. The rebuilding was completed in 1999. A large glass dome was constructed above the largest meeting room. This way wisitors can view the parliament as the heart of modern Germany. The Reichstag stand symbolic for the transparency of the new German politics.